View Larger Image. Ask Seller a Question. From the founding of Jamestown in Virginia and the court martial of Daniel Boone in Kentucky to the invention of the cotton gin in Georgia and the capture of Aaron Burr in Mississippi, It Happened in the Old South tells the stories of intriguing people and events from the history of the region known for its unique culture, traditions, and lifestyles. Learn the true story behind Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's epic poem Evangeline. Read how North Carolina had a rebellious "tea party" of its own, held by one of the first groups of American women to participate in political dissent.
Reflect upon Denmark Vessey's slave revolt in South Carolina in Visit Seller's Storefront. Shows run the 2nd and 4th Friday of every month. December 16th Celebration December 16th Anniversary Celebration Join us each and every year on December 16 to celebrate and re-enact the single most important event leading up to the American Revolution—the Boston Tea Party! Admission to the Old South Meeting House. Special, escorted access to the harbor. Special reserved viewing. This event sells out quick. The Colonies must either submit or triumph.
Places History of Boston. Bruce Richardson. Museum Contributors Benjamin L. Museum Videos. Portrait of Benjamin Franklin. Duplessis, Joseph-Siffrein. National Portrait Gallery. Off Season: First tour at 10am, last tour at 4pm. Museum tours begin every 30 minutes. December 16th re-enactment celebrations countdown. New York Public Library. Who organized the Boston Tea Party? The Sons of Liberty.
The Sons of Liberty were made up of males from all walks of colonial society, and among its membership were artisans, craftsmen, business owners, tradesmen, apprentices, and common laborers who organized to defend their rights, and to protest and undermine British rule. Joseph Warren.
Incited by the Sons of Liberty, over 5, people gathered at the Old South Meeting House, the largest public building in Boston at the time, at AM on December 16, , to decide what was to be done about the tea and to plan the Boston Tea Party. The American colonists believed Britain was unfairly taxing them to pay for expenses incurred during the French and Indian War. Additionally, colonists believed Parliament did not have the right to tax them because the American colonies were not represented in Parliament.
Since the beginning of the 18th century, tea had been regularly imported to the American colonies. By the time of the Boston Tea Party, it has been estimated American colonists drank approximately 1. Britain realized it could make even more money off of the lucrative tea trade by imposing taxes onto the American colonies. In effect, the cost of British tea became high, and, in response, American colonists began a very lucrative industry of smuggling tea from the Dutch and other European markets.
These smuggling operations violated the Navigation Acts which had been in place since the middle of the 17th century. The smuggling of tea was undercutting the lucrative British tea trade. In response to the smuggling, in Parliament passed the Indemnity Act, which repealed the tax on tea and made British tea the same price as the Dutch. The Indemnity Act greatly cut down on American tea smuggling, but later in a new tax on tea was put in place by the Townshend Revenue Act.
The act also taxed glass, lead, oil, paint, and paper. Due to boycotts and protests, the Townshend Revenue Act taxes on all commodities except tea were repealed in The smuggling of tea grew rampant and was a lucrative business venture for American colonists, such as John Hancock and Samuel Adams. The Townshend Revenue Act tea tax remained in place despite proposals to have it waived. American colonists were outraged over the tea tax. They believed the Tea Act was a tactic to gain colonial support for the tax already enforced.
The direct sale of tea by agents of the British East India Company to the American colonies undercut the business of colonial merchants. The smuggled tea became more expensive than the British East India Company tea. Smugglers like John Hancock and Samuel Adams were trying to protect their economic interests by opposing the Tea Act, and Samuel Adams sold the opposition of British tea to the Patriots on the pretext of the abolishment of human rights by being taxed without representation.
December 16, According to eyewitness testimonies, the Boston Tea Party occurred between the hours of and PM and lasted for approximately three hours.
It is at this location where the December 16, destruction of the tea occurred. The original location of the Boston Tea Party no longer exists because of extensive landfills that destroyed the location. A historical marker commemorating the Boston Tea Party stands on the corner of Congress and Purchase streets.
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It is estimated that hundreds took part in the Boston Tea Party. For fear of punishment, many participants of the Boston Tea Party remained anonymous for many years after the event. To date it is known that people are documented to have participated. Not all of the participants of the Boston Tea Party are known; many carried the secret of their participation to their graves.
This motion brought Andrew to the central Louisiana coast on August 26 as a Category 3 hurricane. Andrew then turned northeastward, eventually merging with a frontal system over the Mid-Atlantic states on August Reports from private barometers helped establish that Andrew's central pressure at landfall in Homestead, Florida was Andrew's peak winds in south Florida were not directly measured due to destruction of the measuring instruments. An automated station at Fowey Rocks reported mph sustained winds with gusts to mph measured ft above the ground , and higher values may have occurred after the station was damaged and stopped reporting.
The National Hurricane Center had a peak gust of mph measured ft above the ground , while a mph gust was measured at a private home. Additionally, Berwick, LA reported 96 mph sustained winds with gusts to mph. Andrew produced a 17 ft storm surge near the landfall point in Florida, while storm tides of at least 8 ft inundated portions of the Louisiana coast. Andrew also produced a killer tornado in southeastern Louisiana. Andrew is responsible for 23 deaths in the United States and three more in the Bahamas.
The vast majority of the damage in Florida was due to the winds. Tropical Storm Alberto Alberto was first detected as a tropical wave that moved off the African coast on 18 June. The wave moved into the western Caribbean by late June and formed into a tropical depression near the western tip of Cuba on June The cyclone moved northwest through July 1 as it became a tropical storm, then it turned northward.
This motion continued until the cyclone made landfall in the western Florida Panhandle on the 4th. Alberto then moved north-northeastward into western Georgia, where it did a loop on the 5th and 6th. The cyclone finally dissipated over central Alabama on July 7. Alberto's winds and tides produced only minor damage at the coast, but the excessive rains that fell in Georgia, Alabama, and western Florida were another story.
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Amounts exceeded 10 inches in many locations, with the maximum being the Severe flooding resulted over large portions of southern Georgia, western Alabama, and the western Florida Panhandle. Hurricane Opal Opal was first detected as a tropical wave moving off the African coast on September The waved moved westward through the Atlantic and Caribbean and merged with a broad low pressure area over the western Caribbean on September The combined system then developed into a tropical depression near the east coast of the Yucatan Peninsula on September The depression drifted slowly northward, becoming Tropical Storm Opal as it reached the north coast of Yucatan on the 30th.
Opal then moved slowly westward into the Bay of Campeche, where it became a hurricane on October 2.
A gradual north-northeastward turn started later on the 2nd, with acceleration on the 3rd and 4th. Opal continued to strengthen, and a period of rapid strengthening late of the 3rd and early on the 4th made it a Category 4 hurricane. Weakening followed, and Opal was a Category 3 hurricane when it made landfall near Pensacola Beach, Florida late on the 4th.
Opal continued quickly north-northeastward and became extratropical over the Ohio Valley on the 5th. The cyclone was last seen over the eastern Great Lakes on October 6. Hurlbert Field, Florida reported sustained winds of 84 mph with a peak gust of mph, and gusts to 70 mph occurred as far inland as northwest Georgia. However, the main impact from Opal was from storm surge. A combination of storm surge and breaking waves inundated portions of the western Florida Panhandle coast to a depth of 10 to 20 ft. Opal was responsible for 9 deaths in the United States, including 8 from falling trees and one from a tornado.
Opal was responsible for 50 deaths in Mexico and Guatemala due to flooding caused by heavy rains. Hurricane Mitch This powerful hurricane began developing over the southwestern Caribbean Sea on 22 October.
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It drifted westward and became a tropical storm later that day, then turned northward and became a hurricane by the 24th. Mitch then turned westward again and rapidly strengthened, becoming a Category 5 hurricane with a central pressure of mb on the 26th. After passing over Swan Island on the 27th, a weakening Mitch moved slowly southward near the coastal Islands of Honduras.
It made landfall over northern Honduras on the 29th as a Category 1 hurricane. Mitch gradually turned westward after landfall, and the surface center dissipated neat the Guatemala-Honduras border on 1 November. The remnant circulation aloft reached the Bay of Campeche on 2 November and began developing again. The re-born Mitch became a tropical storm on 3 November, then moved northeastward across the Yucatan Peninsula on the 4th.